Having Vision Problems? Make Sure To Choose The Right Eye Doctor

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When it comes to eye care, there are different types of eye doctors who specialize in various areas of the eyes and vision. Here are the three types of eye doctors that are commonly seen for normal vision problems and how they differ.


An optometrist is a primary eye care provider who performs routine eye exams, prescribes corrective lenses, and diagnoses and manages common eye diseases. They are trained to detect vision problems and prescribe glasses or contact lenses to correct refractive errors such as myopia (nearsightedness), hyperopia (farsightedness), and astigmatism. Optometrists may also treat and manage conditions such as dry eyes, glaucoma, and conjunctivitis. If a patient requires further medical attention, optometrists will refer them to an ophthalmologist.


An ophthalmologist is a medical doctor who specializes in eye and vision care. They have completed medical school and a residency in ophthalmology, which is the study of the anatomy, function, and diseases of the eye. Ophthalmologists are trained to perform surgical procedures and diagnose and treat eye diseases such as glaucoma, cataracts, macular degeneration, and diabetic retinopathy. They also prescribe corrective lenses and provide routine eye care.


An optician is a professional who designs, fits, and dispenses eyeglasses and contact lenses. They work closely with optometrists and ophthalmologists to ensure that patients receive the correct prescription and fit for their corrective lenses. Opticians may also be involved in repairing and adjusting eyeglasses, and they may provide advice on lens selection and frame styling.

How They Differ

It is important to note that optometrists and ophthalmologists have different levels of training and expertise, which may affect the type of eye care they can provide. While optometrists can diagnose and manage many common eye diseases, ophthalmologists are typically required for more complex eye conditions and surgical procedures. Opticians do not perform eye exams or prescribe corrective lenses, but they are experts in lens selection and frame fitting.

When choosing an eye doctor, it is important to consider your specific eye care needs. For routine eye exams and prescriptions for corrective lenses, an optometrist may be sufficient. However, if you have a history of eye disease or require more advanced care, it may be necessary to see an ophthalmologist. Opticians can help you find the right eyewear to suit you.

Optometrists, ophthalmologists, and opticians all play important roles in the world of eye care. Understanding the differences between these types of eye doctors can help you make informed decisions about your eye health and vision. Whether you need a routine eye exam or specialized medical treatment, there is a professional who can help you achieve optimal eye health and vision. 

Reach out to an eye doctor in your area to learn more.